‪Shahpour Cave‬

تعليقات حول - ‪Shahpour Cave‬, ‪Kazerun‬

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Mojtaba Khalili
شيراز, إيران61 مساهمة
أكتوبر 2020
‪Colossal Statue of Shapur I
Powerful King of the Sassanian Empire
ŠĀPUR I: The Great Statue
The Colossal Statue of Shapur I, a statue of Shapur I (AD 240–272), the second king of the Sassanid Empire, stands in the so-called Shapur cave, a huge limestone cave located about 6 km from the ancient city of Bishapur in the south of Iran. The statue is about 35 m from the cave entrance, on the fourth of five terraces, lying approximately 3.4 m below the level of the cave entrance. Its height of about 6.7 m and breadth across the shoulders of more than 2 m make it one of the most impressive sculptures from the Sassanian period.
The monumental sculpture is chiseled from a huge stalagmite grown in situ, but it no longer stands exactly in its original position. After its fall (probably caused by an earthquake), the sculpture was raised onto two concrete pillars, which are located near the original feet. The head and the body of the sculpture have remained quite well preserved while parts of its arms and almost all of both legs are missing.
The colossal statue is rich in detail. It is chiseled on every side with the same amount of extraordinary care and attention. The king wears a crenellated crown. A large piece of the front crenellation is missing, while the crenellations of both sides and the rear are well preserved. At the lower end of the crown, there is a wide diadem. The two bands of the diadem fall heavily down the back to the waist and widen from top to bottom. Around twenty horizontal, parallel furrows cross on these bands. The head of the sculpture has been carved out in all its particulars symmetrically. The hairstyle of the colossal statue shows a high degree of sculptural definition. The mass of hair on the left side of the sculpture has remained intact while the ends of strands of hair on the right side are broken off. Of the left arm of the sculpture, only half remains. The missing left hand of the sculpture must have once rested on the sword handle. The right arm is broken off just below the axilla. A small part of the right underarm is still attached. The right hand is strongly weathered and rests on the waist.
The clothing of the colossal statue consists of three pieces: an undervest, an upper garment and wide trousers. The upper garment of the sculpture fits tightly to the body and appears to be made of a sheer fabric. Through its skin-tight fit, the shoulders, the upper arms and the chest of the king have been emphasized. The sculpted ornaments on the upper garment are quite remarkable insofar as they resemble flames flickering downward. These are varyingly long, shaped in several different ways and irregularly arranged. At the waist, the upper garment is held together tightly by a belt while a second belt, which is hanging loosely around the hips, functions to fasten on the sword scabbard.
Only small parts of the legs of the sculpture have remained. The small remaining piece of the left thigh supports a conclusion that the ruler was wearing fluted trousers. The fact that the trousers of Shapur I originally reached the ground is evident from the traces of folds encircling the original feet of the sculpture at irregular intervals. It stands to reason that the sculptor designed the length of the trousers not only for aesthetical reasons but also to increase the sculpture's stability. The long trousers would have functioned to enlarge contact area with the ground and to spread the stress of the colossal statue, which weighs several tonnes.
The two feet of the sculpture are slightly spread. The left foot is lying a little ahead of the right foot. The original shoes of the colossal statue now have a contrasting conservation status. The right shoe is largely destroyed. The left shoe is virtually intact and has a round toe cap. The broad shoelaces, pleated lengthways, meander in an S-shape onto the ground.
On the colossal statue of Shapur I, there are three pieces of jewellery: a necklace, earrings made of large pearls and an armlet on the right wrist.
Identification of the statue
In the Sassanian period, the crowns' details were subject to stringent regulations and varied from one king to another. Each Sassanian king possessed his own crown, designed at the time of his accession to power. Because of the shape of the crown (diadem, the crenellated part and korymbos) and on the basis of art historical considerations, the colossal statue can be clearly identified as Shapur I, the second Sassanian king.
Reconstruction of the crown
Shapur I is not always shown wearing a crenellated crown, but he is never represented with a crenellated crown without a korymbos. A korymbos, or globular-shaped structure, sat originally on the top of the crown of the sculpture standing in the cave. The presence of a borehole on the vertex indicates that the korymbos could not have been of stone, but consisted of metal. The korymbos of the colossal statue was originally 1.5 m high and 1 m wide. After research and experimentation at the University of Basel, it was found that a korymbos of metal of a suitable size would have weighed more than a tonne even with a very low wall thickness.
Hairstyle as an important criterion for dating the statue
Below the diadem, the hair springs thickly up. There are four rows of strands that are very clearly distinguishable from each other and lying in waves on top of each other, on both sides of the face. The wave patterns of the individual strands are almost identical, but at their tips, the heavily stylized, nearly spherical curls differ. The end of the top strand is rolled up on each side of the head like a snail. The underlying strands have differing forms of braided knots at their ends. The wavy strands billow out on each side across the shoulders with the curl of the lowest and shortest strand lying on the shoulder.
This kind of hairstyle can be only seen on those rock reliefs of Shapur I that were carved after 260 AD and is, therefore, the most important criterion for the precise dating of the colossal statue of Shapur I. Due to the details of the hairstyle, G. Reza Garosi succeeded to date the colossal statue exactly in the second half of the sixties of third century AD.
Sculptor
The anonymous sculptor of the colossal statue of Shapur I must be considered one of the greatest sculptors in the ancient Near East. It is certain that he succeeded in finishing the colossal statue. According to post-Sassanian reports, the sculpture, which weighed several tonnes, stood on its own feet at least until the 14th century AD. An adept sculptor was not the only master for creating this sculpture – a skilled metalsmith was also involved in this work. The metalsmith was responsible for making the korymbos of metal and had to fix it firmly onto the crown of the colossal statue. The addition of a metal korymbos was indeed an innovation and is not known from any other statue in the ancient Near East. In the Sassanian era, no other statues with similar dimensions have been discovered. Thus, the colossal statue of Shapur I must be considered as an absolute exception in the history of Sassanian sculptural art.
State of research
Although the colossal statue of Shapur I is known in Europe since at least 1811, it was not dealt detailed till recently. It was mentioned, for example, by Roman Ghirshman, Kurt Erdmann and Georgina Herrmann. The first comprehensive research about the cave and the colossal statue of Shapur I was done by G. Reza Garosi.
source: F.B : @persiangulf.prehistory.of.persia‬
كُتب بتاريخ 5 سبتمبر 2021
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Saeid0380
شيراز, إيران790 مساهمة
نوفمبر 2019
‪visiting Shapour cave is combination with mountain climbing and ancient site visiting which take you almost one day.
An artistic statue was carved inside this cave in time of Sassanid empire that is amazing.
Firstly, you have to visit Kashkuli village and move to the hillside at the end of the driving path. You find the sign of cave in the foothill.After about one hour and a half walking you will reach a staircase near the cave that facilitates your access to the cave. The height of Shapur cave is about 800 meters from the sea level.

After this hard walking, an about six-meter statue appears in front of you, in the entrance of the cave that was carved artistically. Shapur statue is the tallest sculpture that is remained from Sassanid empire and years before. The entrance of the cave is approximately 30 meters and the statue shines like a jewel.

you must bring a appropriate headlight and shoes for visiting the cave which is intresting.
The Best months to visit the cave are February, March and October.‬
كُتب بتاريخ 2 أبريل 2020
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John K
فرانكفورت, ألمانيا1,522 مساهمة
زوجان • يونيو 2019
‪Die Höhle mit der Statue des zweiten Sasanidenherrschers Shapur I (Regierungszeit 240 bis 270) befindet sich etwa 6 km von der Stadt Bishapur entfernt, die eben dieser König gegründet hat. Die Statue ist einzigartig, da es im Iran, von ganz wenigen Ausnahmen abgesehen, keine Statuen gibt. Von der Strasse zur Höhle benötigt man etwa 1 1/2 Stunden. Man sollte unbedingt einen ortskundigen Führer dabei haben und ausreichend zu trinken mitnehmen. Der Weg ist sehr steil. In der Höhle befindet sich die Statue, die eine Höhe von etwa 7 m hat.‬
كُتب بتاريخ 28 يونيو 2019
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hecktor
‪Lamia‬, اليونان6 مساهمات
بمفردك • سبتمبر 2018
‪for I myself it was strange coz of the huge statue in a cave. although my guide told the story, it still strange for me.‬
كُتب بتاريخ 10 مايو 2019
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wonderfulirantour
أصفهان, إيران599 مساهمة
العائلة • يناير 2019
‪hard to climb the mount and reach the cave but when you see it it would be such a WOW. great status of the king in the middle of the cave.‬
كُتب بتاريخ 19 مارس 2019
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Mahshid
‪Mashhad‬, إيران31 مساهمة
الأصدقاء • فبراير 2019
‪The cave is marvelous. Beautiful stone. It is recommended for geologist. You defentlly need tour guide. It has about 1 hour to climb a mountain. The sculpture of Shahpoor is huge and historical atmosphere.‬
كُتب بتاريخ 10 فبراير 2019
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sajad zare
شيراز, إيران20 مساهمة
رجال الأعمال • أغسطس 2018
‪the tomb is located in the cave around 150 km from shiraz and wen you arrive you should walk about 3000 meters above the mountain .the place is nice before see than on the road is 2 places more to see Anahita temple in castle and engraving mountain. if you are interested in mountains and nature, be sure to see this spectacular place :)‬
كُتب بتاريخ 21 نوفمبر 2018
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ghasemi94itsu
شيراز, إيران49 مساهمة
زوجان • أكتوبر 2018
‪near Kazerun there are some bath relief and a nice temple and in the peak of the mountain a big sculpture. this city has many stories. near Kazerun also there are some nomads that you can experience their simple life for one night. if you like hiking mountain, historical and cultural place don't miss it.
If you need more information you can text this number: +989355190268‬
كُتب بتاريخ 22 أكتوبر 2018
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JULIAN155019
تورونتو, كندا25 مساهمة
بمفردك • ديسمبر 2017
‪High up, near the top of a mountain, near the ancient city of Bishapur in southwestern Iran, in a large limestone cave, stands the 22 feet tall statue of King Shapur I ( 240 - 242 A .D. ) and that's minus his lower legs, feet and lower arms.
It takes 90 minutes to two hours to climb the mountain to the cave that holds this statue. DO NOT ATTEMPT THE CLIMB IN LATE SPRING, SUMMER OR EARLY FALL as you will collapse from HEAT STROKE ! The scenery is MAGNIFICENT !
The statue of King Shapur was CHISELED OUT OF A LARGE STALAGMITE IN SITU ! It has three pieces of jewelery - a necklace, pearl earrings and an armlet on the broken right wrist.
It was this great King that defeated and killed Roman Emperor Gordian III, defeated Roman Emperor Philip the Arab and defeated and CAPTURED Roman Emperor Valerian at Edessa, Syria in 260 A.D.
If you are visiting Iran and are in good health to climb the mountain to the cave, see this giant statue of a very great monarch ! KING SHAPUR I‬
كُتب بتاريخ 2 أكتوبر 2018
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153ErikaH
Jeddah, KSA61 مساهمة
بمفردك • مارس 2018
‪From the village, one has to hike on a footpath covered with loose rocks. The elevation is 800m and the distance 2 km. They reckon it takes an average person 1.5 hrs to get to the cave. It took me 2. It is tiresome. I stopped twice. I cursed myself. When I reached the top, my tiredness vanished. Inside the cave was a spectacular 6m high statue of King Shapur - 1700 years old! The mind boggles. If you want something different, hiking to Shapur's Cave is it! No regrets!‬
كُتب بتاريخ 9 مارس 2018
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